What is Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD)? How to Deal With it?

Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder or ADHD is a disorder that is neurodevelopmental and affects the mental abilities of a person. It is usually diagnosed in children and remains till about adulthood.

What are the Symptoms of ADHD?

Some of the symptoms that can be observed in someone facing ADHD are:

  1. Trouble Focusing
  2. Daydreaming
  3. Forgetfulness
  4. Talking too much
  5. Making silly mistakes
  6. Fidgeting
  7. Hard time resisting temptations
  8. Difficulty socializing
  9. Aggression, anger and excitability
  10. Hyperactivity
  11. Depression
  12. Learning disability
  13. Boredom and mood swings
  14. Absent-mindedness
  15. Short attention span

What are the Causes of ADHD?

The exact causes of ADHD aren’t fully known and scientists are still working on it but some things can be considered as the trigger of causing ADHD. Some of the potential causes of ADHD are:

  1. Premature birth
  2. Consumption of drugs or alcohol or smoking cigarettes during pregnancy
  3. Low weight at birth
  4. Exposure to some harmful substances during pregnancy
  5. Brain injury
  6. Inherited genetically from family
  7. Having stress or anxiety in pregnancy

ADHD might not be caused by social or environmental factors. Bad parenting or particular bad habits in the child might not even be the cause or trigger of ADHD.

What are the Types of ADHD?

ADHD is not just in one form but has different types and manifestations depending upon the symptoms visible in the patient. Some of the types of ADHD are:

  1. Inattentive Presentation

In this type, the patient has a difficult time focusing and concentrating on the details of things. They find it hard to organise or complete tasks. It’s particularly difficult for them to follow instructions. They are more forgetful of things and distracted easily.

  1. Hyperactive Presentation

The patient tends to have more activity than others and tends to be more talkative and active. It’s hard for them to sit still and they fidget a lot. They may try to always run around and do a lot of physical activity. The person is restless and tends to have unacceptable behaviour with others like disturbing them, taking things from them or speaking inappropriately.

  1. Combined Presentation

In the form of ADHD, the patient shows symptoms of both the above-mentioned forms. There can be both attention disorders with a forgetfulness which is accompanied by hyperactivity and behavioural disorders.

How is ADHD Diagnosed?

The diagnosis of ADHD isn’t very straightforward as the symptoms can be mixed and might indicate other mental disorders. For the diagnosis, various tests are taken and the family history and lineage can be checked. Information about the person is taken from various people to know more about the person’s behaviour.

How is ADHD Treated?

The treatment of ADHD includes therapies and medications. The therapies include behavioural therapies that are accompanied by support from parents and others around the patient.

It’s also necessary for a person with ADHD to follow some necessary habits like consumption of healthy food and involving in lots of physical activities. Good sleep and interaction with parents who try to help and mentor the patient can be a necessary step to help with ADHD.

 

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