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NCGW Bibliography

This bibliography represents most of the recent literature pertaining to AD/HD in females. It will be updated over the coming years as new research becomes available.

Gender Differences and AD/HD Bibliography (Updated)

Abikoff, H. B., Jensen, P. S., Arnold, L. L. E., Hoza, B., Hechtman, L., Pollack, S., Martin, D., Alvir, J., March, J. S., Hinshaw, S., Vitiello, B., Newcorn, J., Greiner, A., Cantwell, D. P., Conners, C. K., Elliot, G., Greenhill, L. L., Kraemer, H., Pelham, W. E. J. R., Severe, J. B., Swanson, J. M., Wells, K., & Wigal, T. (2002). Observed classroom behavior of children with ADHD: Relationship to gender and comorbidity. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 30(4), 349-359.

Biederman, J., Faraone, S. V., & Monuteaux, M. C. (2002). Differential effect of environmental adversity by gender: Rutter's Index of Adversity in a group of boys and girls with and without ADHD. American Journal of Psychiatry, 159(9), 1556-1562.

DuPaul, G. J., Schaughency, E. A., Weyandt, L. L., Tripp, G., Kiesner, J., Ota, K., & Stanish, H. (2001). Self-report of ADHD symptoms in university students: Cross-gender and cross-national prevalence. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 34(4), 370-379.

Greene, R. W., Biederman, J., Faraone, S. V., Monuteaux, M. C., Mick, E., DuPre, E. P., Fine, C. S., & Goring, J. G. (2001). Social impairment in girls with ADHD: Patterns, gender comparisons, and correlates. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 40(6), 704-710.

Hartung, C. M., Milich, R., Lynam, D. R., & Martin, C. A. (2002a). Understanding the relations among gender, disinhibition, and disruptive behavior in adolescents. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 111(4), 659-664.

Hartung, C. M., Willcutt, E. G., Lahey, B. B., Pelham, W. E., Loney, J., Stein, M. A., & Keenan, K. (2002b). Sex differences in young children who meet criteria for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 31(4), 453-464.

Hinshaw, S.P. (2002) Preadolescent girls with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: I. Background Characteristics, Comorbidity, Cognitive and Social Functioning, and Parenting Practices. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 70(5), 1086-1098.

Rhee, S. H., Waldman, I. D., Hay, D. A., & Levy, F. (2001). Aetiology of the sex difference in the prevalence of DSM-III-R ADHD: A comparison of two models, Levy, Florence (Ed); Hay, David A. (Ed). (2001). Attention, genes, and ADHD. (pp. 139-156). xiv, 272pp.

Robison, L. M., Skaer, T. L., Sclar, D. A., & Galin, R. S. (2002). Is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder increasing among girls in the US? Trends in diagnosis and the prescribing of stimulants. CNS Drugs, 16(2), 129-137.

Rucklidge, J. J., & Tannock, R. (2001). Psychiatric, psychosocial, and cognitive functioning of female adolescents with ADHD. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 40(5), 530-540.

Seri, Y., Kofman, O., & Shay, L. (2002). Time estimation could be impaired in male, but not female adults with attention deficits. Brain & Cognition, 48(2-3), 553-558.

Stevenson, J. C., & Williams, D. C. (2000). Parental investment, self-control, and sex differences in the expression of ADHD. Human Nature, 11(4), 405-422.

Research Summaries, Overviews and Theories

Arnold, L. E. (1996). Sex differences in ADHD: Conference summary. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 24(5), 555-569.

Bussing, R., Schoenberg, N. E., Rogers, K. M., Zima, B. T., & Angus, S. (1998). Explanatory models of ADHD: Do they differ by ethnicity, child gender, or treatment status? Journal of Emotional & Behavioral Disorders, 6(4), 233-242.

Gaub, M., & Carlson, C. L. (1997). Gender differences in ADHD: A meta-analysis and critical review. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36(8), 1036-1045.

Gershon, J. (2002). A meta-analytic review of gender differences in ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders, 5(3), 143-154.

Gomez, R., Harvey, J., Quick, C., Scharer, I., & Harris, G. (1999). DSM-IV AD/HD: Confirmatory factor models, prevalence, and gender and age differences based on parent and teacher ratings of Australian primary school children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 40(2), 265-274.

James, A., & Taylor, E. (1990). Sex differences in the hyperkinetic syndrome of childhood. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 31(3), 437-446.

Rhee, S. H., Waldman, I. D., Hay, D. A., & Levy, F. (1999). Sex differences in genetic and environmental influences on DSM-III-R attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 108(1), 24-41.

Silverthorn, P., Frick, P. J., Kuper, K., & Ott, J. (1996). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and sex: A test of two etiological models to explain the male predominance. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 25(1), 52-59.

Girls vs. Boys

Ackerman, P. T., Dykman, R. A., & Oglesby, D. M. (1983). Sex and group differences in reading and attention disordered children with and without hyperkinesis. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 16(7), 407-415.

Arcia, E., & Conners, C. K. (1998). Gender differences in ADHD? Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 19(2), 77-83.

Barkley, R. A. (1989). Hyperactive girls and boys: Stimulant drug effects on mother-child interactions. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 30(3), 379-390.

Befera, M. S., & Barkley, R. A. (1985). Hyperactive and normal girls and boys: Mother-child interaction, parent psychiatric status and child psychopathology. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 26(3), 439-452.

Biederman, J., Mick, E., Faraone, S.V., Braaten, E., Doyle, A., Spencer, T., Wilens, T.E., Frazier, E., Johnson, M.A., (2002). Influence of gender on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children referred to a psychiatric clinic. American Journal of Psychiatry, 159(1), 36-42.

Breen, M. J. (1989). Cognitive and behavioral differences in ADHD boys and girls. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 30(5), 711-716.

Breen, M. J., & Altepeter, T. S. (1990). Situational variability in boys and girls identified as ADHD. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 46(4), 486-490.

Breen, M. J., & Barkley, R. A. (1988). Child psychopathology and parenting stress in girls and boys having attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 13(2), 265-280.

Brown, R. T., Madan-Swain, A., & Baldwin, K. (1991). Gender differences in a clinic-referred sample of attention-deficit-disordered children. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 22(2), 111-128.

Carlson, C. L., Tamm, L., & Gaub, M. (1997). Gender differences in children with ADHD, ODD, and co-occurring ADHD/ODD identified in a school population. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36(12), 1706-1714.

deHaas, P. A. (1986). Attention styles and peer relationships of hyperactive and normal boys and girls. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 14(3), 457-467.

Dunn, P. B., & Shapiro, S. K. (1999). Gender differences in the achievement goal orientations of ADHD children. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 23(3), 327-344.

Faraone, S. V., Biederman, J., Mick, E., Doyle, A. E., Wilens, T., Spencer, T., Frazier, E., & Mullen, K. (2001). A family study of psychiatric comorbidity in girls and boys with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Biological Psychiatry, 50(8), 586-592.

Gabel, S., Schmitz, S., & Fulker, D. W. (1996). Comorbidity in hyperactive children: Issues related to selection bias, gender, severity, and internalizing symptoms. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 27(1), 15-28.

Horn, W. F., Wagner, A. E., & Ialongo, N. (1989). Sex differences in school-aged children with pervasive attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 17(1), 109-125.

McGee, R., Williams, S., & Silva, P. A. (1987). A comparison of girls and boys with teacher-identified problems of attention. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 26(5), 711-717.

Newcorn, J. H., Halperin, J. M., Jensen, P. S., Abikoff, H. B., Arnold, E., Cantwell, D. P., Conners, C. K., Elliott, G. R., Epstein, J. N., Greenhill, L. L., Hechtman, L., Hinshaw, S. P., Hoza, B., Kraemer, H. C., Pelham, W. E., Severe, J. B., Swanson, J. M., Wells, K. C., Wigal, T., & Vitiello, B. (2001). Symptom profiles in children with ADHD: Effects of comorbidity and gender. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40(2), 137-146.

Nolan, E. E., Volpe, R. J., Gadow, K. D., & Sprafkin, J. (1999). Developmental, gender, and comorbidity differences in clinically referred children with ADHD. Journal of Emotional & Behavioral Disorders, 7(1), 11-20.

Pelham, W. E., Walker, J. L., Sturges, J., & Hoza, J. (1989). Comparative effects of methylphenidate on ADD girls and ADD boys. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 28(5), 773-776.

Rucklidge, J. J., & Tannock, R. (2001). Psychiatric, psychosocial, and cognitive functioning of female adolescents with ADHD. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40(5), 530-540.

The MTA Cooperative Group. (1999). Moderators and mediators of treatment response for children with  attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 56, 1088-1096.

Girls

Berry, C. A., Shaywitz, S. E., & Shaywitz, B. A. (1985). Girls with attention deficit disorder: A silent minority? A report on behavioral and cognitive characteristics. Pediatrics, 76(5), 801-809.

Biederman, J., Faraone, S. V., Mick, E., Williamson, S., Wilens, T. E., Spencer, T. J., Weber, W., Jetton, J., Kraus, I., Pert, J., & Zallen, B. (1999). Clinical correlates of ADHD in females: Findings from a large group of girls ascertained from pediatric and psychiatric referral sources. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 38(8), 966-975.

Faraone, S. V., Biederman, J., Mick, E., Williamson, S., Wilens, T., Spencer, T., Weber, W., Jetton, J., Kraus, I., Pert, J., & Zallen, B. (2000). Family study of girls with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 157(7), 1077-1083.

Faraone, S. V., Biederman, J., & Monteaux, M. C. (2000). Attention-deficit disorder and conduct disorder in girls: Evidence for a familial subtype. Biological Psychiatry, 48(1), 21-29.

Greene, R. W., Biederman, J., Faraone, S. V., Monteaux, M. C., Mick, E., Dupre, E. P., Fine, C. S., & Goring, J. G. (2001). Social impairment in girls with ADHD: Patterns, gender comparisons, and correlates. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40(6), 704-710.

Hudziak, J. J., Heath, A. C., Madden, P. F., Reich, W., Bucholz, K. K., Slutske, W., Bierut, L. J., Neuman, R. J., & Todd, R. D. (1998). Latent class and factor analysis of DSM-IV ADHD: A twin study of female adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 37(8), 848-857.

Kashani, J., Chapel, J. L., Ellis, J., & Shekim, W. (1979). Hyperactive girls. Journal of Operational Psychiatry, 10(2), 145-148.

Mannuzza, S., & Gittelman, R. (1984). The adolescent outcome of hyperactive girls. Psychiatry Research, 13, 19-29.

McGee, R., & Feehan, M. (1991). Are girls with problems of attention underrecognized? Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 13(3), 187-198.

Sharp, W. S., Walter, J. M., Marsh, W. L., Ritchie, G. F., Hamburger, S. D., & Castellanos, F. X. (1999). ADHD in girls: Clinical comparability of a research sample. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 38(1), 40-47.

Adults

Biederman, J., Faraone, S. V., Spencer, T., Wilens, T. E., Mick, E., & Lapey, K. A. (1994). Gender differences in a sample of adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Psychiatry Research, 53(1), 13-29.

Neuropsychology and Neurology

Baving, L., Laucht, M., & Schmidt, M. H. (1999). Atypical frontal brain activation in ADHD: Preschool and elementary school boys and girls. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 38(11), 1363-1371.

Houghton, S., Douglas, G., West, J., Whiting, K., Wall, M., Langsford, S., Powell, L., & Carroll, A. (1999). Differential patterns of executive function in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder according to gender and subtype. Journal of Child Neurology, 14(12), 801-805.

Katz, L. J., Goldstein, G., & Geckle, M. (1998). Neuropsychological and personality differences between men and women with ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders, 2(4), 239-247.

Schuerholz, L. J., Singer, H. S., & Denckla, M. B. (1998). Gender study of neuropsychological and neuromotor function in children with Tourette Syndrome with and without attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Child Neurology, 13(6), 277-282.

Seidman, L. J., Biederman, J., Faraone, S. V., & Weber, W. (1997). A pilot study of neuropsychological function in girls with ADHD. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 36(3), 366-373.

Unpublished Manuscripts

Hawn, C. S. (1979). A study of the relationship between the behaviors used in the identification of hyperactive girls and hyperactive boys. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale.

Pascualvaca, D. M. (1989). Sex differences in the manifestation of Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, City University of New York, New York, NY.

Schireson, J. (1989). Girls with attention deficit disorder: A comparison with their male counterparts. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, The Wright Institute, Los Angeles, CA.

Shenberger, M. (1995). Gender differences in prevalence, identification, and referral of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in a school-based population. Unpublished master's thesis, University of  Houston, Houston, TX.

Thomeer, M. L. (1996). The social knowledge and peer relationships of girls with ADHD in comparison to boys with ADHD and non-disordered children. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Texas, Austin, TX.

Wiedenhoff, A. (1993). Use of two behavior rating scales with mothers and teachers in the evaluation of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Texas Woman's University, Denton, TX.

Books

Quinn, P., and Nadeau, K., (Eds.) (2002). Gender Issues and AD/HD: Research, Diagnosis, and Treatment. Silver Spring, MD: Advantage Books. 1-888-238-8588.

Nadeau, K., and Quinn, P., (Eds.) (2002). Understanding Women with AD/HD. Silver Spring, MD: Advantage Books. 1-888-238-8588.

Nadeau, K., Littman, E., & Quinn, P. (2000). Understanding Girls with AD/HD. Silver Spring, MD: Advantage Books. 1-888-238-8588.

Solden, S. (1995). Women with Attention Deficit Disorder: Embracing Disorganization at Rome and in the Workplace. Grass Valley, CA: Underwood Books.

Kelly, K. & Ramundo, P. (1993). You Mean I'm Not Lazy, Stupid or Crazy?! A Self-Help Book for Adults with Attention Deficit Disorder. Cincinnati, OH: Tyrell & Jerem Press.

 

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